Hyperpigmentation is an unwanted brown patch in the skin. It causes the melanin to become darker, instead of the usual natural skin coloring. There are numerous causes such as sun exposure and acne, among others that can lead to hyperpigmentation.

To help reduce hyperpigmentation and maintain a more even tone, take care of your skin regularly: schedule a professional facial treatment every 3 to 6 months.

Treating hyperpigmentation can be difficult and frustrating, but it’s possible if you know what causes your blemishes. This article talks about everything you need to know about treating hyperpigmented skin, from the differences between melasma, post-inflammatory, and acne spots, to the main cause of hyperpigmentation and the best treatment options available.


Hyperpigmentation is a common skin condition that affects many people. Hyperpigmentation symptoms may include:

  1. Dark spots and patches on the skin
  2. Brown spots, freckles, and liver spots
  3. Dullness, uneven pigmentation of the skin with redness in some areas.


1. Use a hydroquinone-based skin-lightening product

Hydroquinone is the most common type of skin-lightening ingredient available and works by inhibiting tyrosinase, an enzyme that causes melanin production. It can also be used to treat hyperpigmentation of the skin.

2. Apply sun protection every day

The sun’s rays are the most damaging to skin cells, so it’s important to protect your skin from harmful UV rays with a broad-spectrum sunscreen that contains both UVA and UVB filters. You should apply this daily if you have sensitive or sensitive-combination skin, or use it only when you’re exposed to the sun for over two hours.

3. Avoid oily products and cosmetics containing alcohol

Oily products can clog pores and dry out your skin, which leads to excess oil production and acne breakouts as well as hyperpigmentation of the skin. Alcohols such as ethanol and methanol are also comedogenic (they clog pores), so make sure you avoid these ingredients whenever possible!


There are several skincare products to treat hyperpigmentation of the skin.

They can be used alone or in combination with other treatments.

The most common hyperpigmentation product is

  • Hydroquinone is a type of chemical compound that has been used since the 1960s to lighten skin tone. It works by inhibiting the production of melanin, which is the pigment responsible for making skin darker. Hydroquinone can have side effects, including dryness, irritation, and bleaching at higher doses.

There are other over-the-counter (OTC) methods for treating hyperpigmentation as well, such as:

  • Retinol — Retinol is a form of vitamin A that your body converts into retinoic acid, which is also known as tretinoin (or Retin-A). It works similarly to retinoids but with fewer side effects. You can apply it directly to your skin or take it orally as a pill or capsule. There’s also a prescription version called Differin/Adapel/Oral Retinoid Gel 0.01% that you apply every night before bedtime after cleansing and drying your face with a gentle cleanser like Noxzema Original Skin Cleansing Bar. In addition to helping fade hyperpigmentation, it may also help prevent further discoloration from exposure to the sun and other sources of UV light (such as tanning beds).

CHECK: Best Retinol products from our online store

  • Antioxidants — like vitamins C and E, reduce free radicals that cause dark spots and aging damage. There are quite a number of great vitamin C body lotions on the market
  • Alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) — like glycolic acid and lactic acid, which exfoliate dead cells from the surface of your skin

CHECK: Shop the best Alpha Hydroxy Acids



Having explained in minute detail all that you need to know about how to treat hyperpigmentation of the skin and recommended some of the best skincare products that you can use to treat this problem. It is important to know that there are several other natural ways you can use to treat skin hyperpigmentation. If you find this article useful, kindly share the link with people you feel can benefit from it.